Location: Thailand is situated in the heart of the Southeast Asian mainland, covering an area of 513,115 km2 and extends about 1,620 km from north to south and 775 km from east to west. Thailand borders the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Union of Myanmar to the North, the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the East, the Union of Myanmar and the Indian Ocean to the West, and Malaysia to the south.
South: Songkla and Phuket
Central region: Ayutthaya and Chonburi
North Eastern: Nakhon Ratchasima and Khon Kaen
There are conflicting opinions as to the origins of the Thais. Three decades ago it could be said with presumed certainty that the Thais originated in Northwestern Szechuan in China about 4,500 years ago and later migrated down to their present homeland. However, this theory has been altered by the discovery of remarkable prehistoric artifacts in the village of Ban Chiang in the Nong Han District of Udon Thani Province in the Northeast. These include evidence of bronze metallurgy going back 3,500 years, as well as other indications of a far more sophisticated culture than any previously suspected by archaeologists. It now appears that Thais might have originated here in Thailand and later scattered to various parts of Asia, including some parts of China. Siam is the name by which the country was known to the world until 1939 and again between 1945 and 1949. On May 11, 1949, an official proclamation changed the name of the country to “Prathet Thai”, or“Thail and”, by which it has since been known. The word “Thai” means “free”, and therefore “Thailand” means “Land of the Free.”
Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Temperatures are highest in March and April with average temperature of 28 degree Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius and humidity averaging between 82.8 and 73 percent
The population in Thailand is approximately 67 million, of which around 8 million live in the capital city, Bangkok.
The national and official language is Thai while English is widely spoken and understood in major cities, particularly in Bangkok and in business circles.
Buddhists 94.2%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.8%, other 0.4%.
Government and business offices are open from 8:30 to 16:30 hours, Monday to Friday.
Hot – March to May Average temperature is about 34 ºC
Rainy – June to October Average temperature is about 29 ºC
Cool – November to FebruaryThe temperature ranges from 20ºC to 32ºC
Thin cotton is the best. Jackets or sweater may be necessary in a cool season, especially in the mountainous areas on the North or Northeast.
Foreign Currency Declaration:
As from 24 February 2008, under the relevant Thai law, any foreigner who brings or takes an aggregate amount of foreign currency exceeding USD 20,000 or its equivalent into or out of the Kingdom of Thailand shall declare such amount of foreign currency to a Customs Officer. Failure to declare upon bringing foreign currency that exceeds the amount restricted by law or its equivalent out of or into the Kingdom of Thailand or making any false declaration to a Customs
220 volts 50 cycles throughout the country
Major Thai commercial banks include the Bangkok Bank, Siam Commercial Bank, Krung Thai Bank, Thai Farmers Bank and Thai Military Bank. Business hours are 08:30 – 15:30 hours, Monday to Friday. Several international banks also have offices in Thailand.
The Baht is the standard currency unit.
1 Baht = 100 satangs
Bank Notes: 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 Baht
Coins: 1, 5, and 10 baht
Banks or the more rare private moneychangers offer the best foreign-exchange rates. When buying baht, US dollars are the most accepted currency, followed by British pounds and Euros. Most banks charge a commission and duty for each travellers cheque cashed.
Major credit cards (American Express, Visa, Mastercard and Diners Club) are accepted at most hotels, restaurants, shops, malls and travel agencies.
ATMs are plentiful throughout Thailand, and most will accept cards issued by any of the major international banking networks (Plus, Cirrus, etc.) ATM fees vary depending on a few factors. It is possible that the Thai bank may charge a small fee for using their machine although it is in fact far more likely that you’ll be charged by your own bank for using the ATM card in another country. Charges depend on your bank and can either be a percentage or the amount withdrawn or simply a standard fee.
Health and Medical Facilities:
Bangkok has numerous clinics and hospitals catering to a variety of needs. Major public and private hospitals are equipped with the latest medical technology and internationally qualified specialists. Almost all pharmaceuticals are widely available. Drinking of tap water should be avoided.
Regulations for Foreign Visitors to Thailand:
Foreign nationals visiting Thailand must possess valid passports or accepted travel documents and appropriate visas before entering the country. Visitors from several countries are permitted to stay up to 30 days without visas, while visitors from some other countries are entitled to apply for visas on arrival with stay of up to 15 days, provided they possess tickets confirming departure within 15 days at all ports of entry (for lists of such countries, please see menu tab ‘Visas and Travel Documents’ above). Transit visas permit stay for up to 30 days and tourist visas for up to 60 days. Non-immigrant, diplomatic and official visas permit stay for up to 90 days.
Direct Assistance: 1133 (Bangkok) and 183 (upcountry)
Long Distance Service: 100
IDD: 001+country code+area code+phone number
AT&T USA Direct Service:001-999-11111
Mobile coverage is very good throughout the country. For those have a compatible mobile phone, you may buy a pre-paid SIM card locally and use it with your phone. Check the GSM operators’ websites and also check your phone specification to find out if your phone is compatible to work in Thailand or not. Also check that you do not own a mobile that has a locked SIM card, SIM cards may be purchased to allow users to call within Thailand at local rates. Public phone booths are also plentiful.
Generally, a foreign citizen who wishes to enter the Kingdom of Thailand is required to obtain a visa from a Royal Thai Embassy or a Royal Thai Consulate-General. However, nationals of the following countries are eligible for visa exemption or visa on arrival for a short stay:
Passport holders from the following countries are eligible for visa exemption to Thailand: http://www.mfa.go.th/main/en/services/123/15383-List-of-countries-which-have-concluded-Agreements.html
There are many transportation means to get you around the city, making any trip convenient and enjoyable. Most of public transportations provide are inexpensive such as Tuk-Tuk, taxi, BTS skytain, MRT underground, etc.
This BTS sky train has been designed to help you discover all the interesting sites and activities around Bangkok. It is a cheap, smooth, cool, clean and fast, it operates from 06.00 – 24.00 every day. The train is pretty full during peak hours 07.00 – 09.00 and 16.00 – 19.00 as the BTS has become a primary means of transport for people living and working in downtown Bangkok. For more information about the routes and fares, please visit https://www.bts.co.th/
Explore Bangkok by BTS Click here
Fast and efficient, the Mass Rapid Transit network (MRT) serves in the city center. Trains arrive every 5-7 minutes, and connect to the BTS Skytrain at Sukhumvit and Silom stations. Stops of particular interest to visitors include Kampaengphet (Chatuchak Weekend Market, Or Tor Kor Market and Rod Fai Market), Sukhumvit (Asok BTS Skytrain), Silom (Saladaeng BTS Skytrain, Pat Pong Night Market and Lumpini Park), Hua Lamphong (Central Railway Station) and Wat Mangkon Station (Chinatown). The Petchaburi Station is about 300 m from the Airport Rail Link’s Makkasan Interchange Station, where you can board the express train to Suvarnabhumi International Airport.
Airport Rail Link
Airport Rail Link connects Suvarnabhumi Airport with downtown Bangkok. The train ride only takes 15-30 minutes from the airport. The Airport Rail Link station in Phaya Thai is connected to the BTS, while the station in Makassan is just walking distance from the MRT. The train service runs from 06.00 to midnight. For more information please visit www.srtet.co.th/en/index.html
The open-air three wheels or Tuk-Tuk is popular among foreigners for short trip around the city, although they are most of the time more expensive than taxi. Expect to pay 40 Baht and upwards for a short journey, unless you are a good bargainer.
With radio and meter, air-conditioned taxi is cheap, plentiful and comfortable. Those with red light in front are vacant and stop for you instantly. The fare is from 35 Baht for the first 3 kilometers and the rate rises at 2 Baht increments
Where to visit?
Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram (Wat Phra Kaew)
The King Rama I established the temple in the Grand Palace. The temple is renowned for having the world’s finest and longest compound walls, decorated with typical Thai murals, based on the Indian epic Ramayana. The statue of the Emerald Buddha, the most sacred of all statues, officially titled Phra Buddha Maha Maneerattana Patimakorn, is enshrined here.
The temple was built during the Ayutthaya period and was originally called Wat Makok after the name of the local village Tambol Bangmakok. It means “Village of Olives”. Wat Arun gets its name from Aruna, the Indian god of the dawn, hence its common name The Temple of Dawn.
Ayuthaya, the ancient capital of Siam was said to have been one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Here you will see ruins of over 400 stone temples and Buddhist statues. At the Summer Palace at Bang Pa-In, there are a mixture of Thai, Chinese and Gothic architecture.
Help yourself to a delicious buffet before setting down to enjoy an award winning spectacular stage performance of Traditional Thai arts Culture. This captivating show will take you back in time to mystical bygone eras to uncover the history, customs & cultural treasures of the Kingdom of Siam.
Jim Thompson House
Jim Thompson’s three decades of dedication to the revival of Thai silk, then a dying art, changed the industry forever. After he mysteriously disappeared into the jungles of Malaysia, he left a legacy behind, which is reflected through his vast collections of Thai art and antiques now on display at the Jim Thompson’s House and Museum, itself a lovely complex of six Thai-style teakwood houses preserved to their original glory.
Chinatown is a colourful, exotic and pleasingly chaotic area, packed with market stalls and probably the highest concentration of gold shops in the city. During major festivities like Chinese New Year and the Vegetarian Festival, the dynamism and spirit of celebration spreads across town like wildfire, and if you happen to be around, don’t miss an opportunity to witness Bangkok Chinatown at its best
Chatuchak Weekend Market
Fully open on Saturdays and Sundays only. Provides shoppers with a huge ion of merchandise from t-shirts & souvenirs to tribal goods and antiques. One of the great bazaars of Asia. Be prepared to bargain.
Siam Discovery, Siam Center and Siam Paragon
The largest modern shopping area in Bangkok, many brand name shops from around the world included fashion, housewares, children’s toy, clothes, International food court and also enjoy movies in modern cinema, such as three-dimensional at Krungsri IMAX in Siam Paragon. Moreover, you can enjoy with many kinds of fishes from deep sea, in located of the largest aquarium in the southern hemisphere” Siam Ocean World”
Terminal 21 is a shopping mall with a great theme that recreates several world-famous cities under one roof. Find yourself wandering around a maze of shops in Tokyo City, sauntering down London’s Carnaby Street, bagging a bargain in an Istanbul zouk, or shopping for something to fill your growling stomach at the Fisherman’s Wharf in San Francisco. The nine floors at Terminal 21 are all a different location, and the main hall is designed like an airport departures zone. This fun mall houses some 600 shops, a Cineplex, and a food court with all kinds of mouth-watering Thai and international fare.
Khao San Road
Khao San Road takes off at night: neon signs flicker into life, music begins blasting from streetside sound systems, while the masses begin mapping out the long, alcohol-soaked night in front of them. And there’s no shortage of choices. From the (relatively) upscale Silk Bar and Cinnamon, to the quiet tranquility of the back-alley Hippie de Bar, or the crude charms of a kerb-side cocktail shack complete with plastic stools and ghetto blaster, there’s something to suit every mood, taste, budget and state of cleanliness. Some of the truly thrifty even opt to purchase beers from the local 7/11 and drink on the street, hobo style.